In its December 6 intelligence replace, the UK Protection Ministry notes that since mid-2023, Russia has upgraded Iranian Shahed-131/136 drones, modifying their designs and ways.
The ministry tweeted:
- Since mid-2023, Russia has nearly actually augmented Iranian-supplied Shahed one-way assault uncrewed aerial autos (OWA UAVs) with comparable weapons made in amenities in Russia. Russia is now nearly actually trying to include enhancements to the OWA UAV designs based mostly on operational expertise.
- In late November 2023, a downed UAV was reported as being fitted with a Ukrainian SIM card and 4G modem. That is possible a Russian improvised modification to enhance real-time steerage utilizing cell towers to scale back reliance on satellite tv for pc navigation. There’s a real looking chance that it is usually trying to mitigate Ukrainian digital warfare measures.
- Another Russian-made OWA UAVs have prone to been given a black end, making it tougher to visually determine the incoming drones at evening. Russia is more and more using OWA UAVs in massive raids in an try to overwhelm Ukrainian air defences. Nonetheless, Ukraine continues to efficiently neutralise nearly all of incoming weapons.
At the moment, Russia launches Shahed assault in opposition to Ukraine nearly each evening, consistently altering the routes of particular person drones, trying to bypass the Ukrainian air defenses.